Signatures and Vetoes 2020

by Carol Kocivar | October 11, 2020 | 0 Comments
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Most 2020 Legislation Smothered by the Pandemic

The pandemic and the faltering economy were the most challenging issues this year. Lack of resources slammed the education budget and everything else, forcing the governor and legislature to deal with the fallout:

  • Small business tax relief
  • Expanded paid sick and family leave
  • Access to workers’ compensation
  • Eviction and foreclosure protections
  • School closures

October is a good time to take stock of California's legislative year and how it affects schools and children. The legislature must pass bills by the end of August, and the governor must sign or veto them by the end of September. In an ordinary year about 1,000 bills make it through the process and become law.

$20 Billion Shortfall for Education

2020 has not been an ordinary year. More than 3,500 bills were pronounced "dead," meaning they were stopped in the course of the legislative process. The legislature — closed down for much of the session — advanced fewer than 500 bills.

The Education Coalition, a consortium of California's major education organizations, estimates that education funding will fall short by $20 billion next year. Several Hail Mary attempts to raise more money through the California legislature failed, including these:

  • AB 1253 proposed to increase the income tax rate for top earners by 1 to 3.5 per cent.
  • AB 2088 proposed to establish a first-in-the-nation wealth tax by setting a 0.4 percent tax rate on all net worth above $30 million.

California’s budget was “balanced'' this year on the hope that the federal government will come to the rescue.

So far it hasn't. Next year looks grim.

Race and Equity

In a world swirling with social unrest, bills to address discrimination, racial inequity and funding for needy students met different results.

By passing ACA 5, the California legislature placed Prop. 16 on the November ballot. If passed by voters, it will overturn yet another measure, Prop. 209, a 1996 constitutional amendment that outlawed using diversity as a decisive factor in public employment, education and contracting.

Two bills on ethnic studies reached the Governor's desk. One is now law; the other was vetoed.

  • AB 1460, now law, makes ethnic studies a graduation requirement for students at California State Universities. According to CSU, "the requirement advances a unique focus on the intersection and comparative study of race, ethnicity, class, gender, sexuality, religion, immigration status, ability and/or age. CSU courses on Africana literature, Native Californian perspectives, police reform, disparities in public health and the economics of racism, to name just a few, would meet the new requirement."
  • AB 331, a bill to add ethnic studies as a requirement for high school graduation, was vetoed by the Governor, who called for changes in the model curriculum associated with the requirement. The administration is working with the President of the State Board of Education and the Superintendent of Public Instruction on a revised draft. Expect this bill to be back next year.

Governor Newsom also vetoed AB 1835, a bill meant to ensure that funding intended for needy students is actually spent on needy students. In this case, the veto might turn out to be technical in nature. "There is a simpler solution that allows us to address the objectives of AB 1835 much sooner and with more transparency," the Governor wrote in his veto statement. "I am directing the Department of Finance to propose language for your consideration as part of my budget in January."

New Laws Affecting Schools and Children

Pandemic

The legislature tried to limit hearings to bills related to the pandemic and emergency situations. For example, parents of K-12 children are now allowed to take time off without fear of discharge or discrimination for child care responsibilities when schools are closed for a state of emergency (SB 1383).

Schools may retroactively grant a high school diploma to seniors who meet academic requirements but who were unable to complete the statewide graduation requirements as a result of the COVID-19 crisis. (AB 1350)

Vaping

The Legislature and the Governor thumbed their noses at the tobacco industry by passing SB 793, which bans the sale of flavored tobacco. This is in response to another pandemic: vaping. Tobacco lobbyists are now trying to gather signatures for an initiative to overturn the law.

Suicide prevention

Recognizing that suicide is a public health crisis, the legislature passed AB 2112 to create an office of suicide prevention within the Department of Health and Human Services.

Lead

Children eligible for Medi-Cal got additional protections from lead poisoning under AB 2276.

Wait For It...

Policy changes often take years to make the journey from idea to law. Many education-related bills that stalled in the legislature this year may show up again next year. Here are some of them.

Topic

Proposals

Bills

Kindergarten

Require kindergarten before admission to first grade.

SB 1153

Reading

New reading competency assessment for teacher credential.

SB 614

State support to teach reading and literacy

AB 1684

Grants to implement English Learner Roadmap

SB 594

Special Education

Equalize special education funding

AB 2291

Grant program for inclusive education

AB 1914

Screening for dyslexia

SB 1174

School Funding

Increase base funding under LCFF

AB 39

Track/report supplemental/concentration grant funding under LCFF

AB 1834

LCFF supplemental funding use enrollment, not attendance

AB 2646

Supplemental LCFF grants for members of lowest performing subgroups

AB 2685

Create California Tax Expenditure Review Board

SB 956

A bill to require more transparency and accountability for corporations with gross receipts of $5,000,000,000 or more (vetoed)

SB 972

Paid family leave

Paid family leave due to COVID-19

SB 943

School Safety

Train staff on alternatives to physical restraint and seclusion of students, teach de-escalation techniques.

AB 216

Establish an emergency response team in the State Department of Education

AB 1837

Require an emergency safety plan for students with IEP

AB 1856

School Programs

Increase Before and After School Program grants

AB 1725

Homeless students

Greater support for homeless students

AB 1937

Teacher Competence

Teacher credentialing: basic skills proficiency test exemptions.

AB 1982

Additional options for how teacher credential candidates can demonstrate subject matter competence.

AB 2485

Grants for students enrolled in an approved teacher credentialing program who commit to working in a high-need field.

AB 1623

AP Exams

Advanced Placement Test Fee Reimbursement Program.

AB 2022

Child Poverty

Child poverty tax credit.

AB 2558

School Closure

School districts cannot require staff to use sick, vacation, or other paid leave if the school is forced to close because of a mandatory evacuation order or certain emergencies

SB 805

Mental Health

Public schools must have one mental health professional accessible on campus during school hours for every 600 pupils; Counties must provide Mental Health Services

AB 8

Develop state-wide model mental health referral protocols

AB 2018

Do You Have An Idea for New Legislation?

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